Recently I was interviewed on a cable TV show. The questions from the interviewer reminded me that even very well-educated people often have misunderstandings about ADHD.
This is an informational blog for people interested in knowing more about ADHD. Understanding is the key to providing success for people who have trouble meeting their potential.
One question proposed for discussion was:
What is the difference between ADD and ADHD? Many people believe that the older term of ADD meant without hyperactivity, while ADHD meant the symptoms included hyperactivity. The interviewer was surprised that the term ADD (nomenclature from the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual, DSM-V) is no longer used.
All people with Attention Deficit Disorder are now referred to as ADHD, with three subtypes:
1. ADHD predominantly inattentive presentation
2. ADHD predominantly hyperactive/impulsive presentation and
3. ADHD combined presentation. Combined is used when both of the symptom criteria or behaviors for inattentive and hyperactive/impulsive behaviors are observed.
To meet the criteria for ADHD Inattentive Type one must have at least six of the following eight behaviors, for at least six months, that directly impact their social and academic/occupational activities.
Hyperactive and Impulsive also require at least six of the following behaviors, observed by others:
Additional criteria require that these behavioral difficulties:
It is also important that the severity is indicated as mild, moderate or severe, based on the number of symptoms or behaviors that are observed.
ADHD is not about being smart or not smart. In fact most people with ADHD are very creative people.
If you think that you or a loved one may have ADHD, it is a good idea to meet with a professional who specializes in working with people with ADHD, who can offer not just a diagnosis but also education, treatment and strategies to help you understand yourself or you loved one and to navigate your life more successfully. If this is you, please call Weaver Center to set up a consultation.